The Displacement of the idea that facts and evidence matter, by the idea that everything boils down to subjective interests and perspectives is — second only to American political campaigns — the most prominent and pernicious manifestation of anti-intellectualism in our time. — Larry Laudan, Science and Relativism (1990)On April 21, 1980 Rosie Ruiz appeared to win the 84th Boston Marathon’s female category with a time of 2:31:56. Her time would have been the fastest female time in Boston Marathon history and and the third-fastest female time ever recorded in any marathon.
“Miss Ruiz, an administrative assistant for Metal Trading Inc. in Manhattan, received the traditional laurel wreath, a medal and a silver bowl for her victory,” According to the New York Times
Ruiz was unknown in the running world and her victory raised suspicions. After studying marathon photographs she didn’t appear in any of them until the very end and conducting…
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